The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake(1995) and Mental Health Issues

The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake:Its feature

On January 17, 1995, at 5:46am Japan time, an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale occurred. The epicenter located in the northern part of the Awaji Island. Officially named “1995 Southern Hyogo Earthquake”, and also known as “the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake”, the disaster brought unprecedented damage.

The death toll from the earthquake was over 6,400, and more than 40,000 were injured. Nearly 250,000 buildings, which had contained 460,000 households, were damaged. The combined damage of the earthquake ultimately amounted to the equivalent of 10 thousand-billion JPY. It was the worst natural disaster since World War II in Japan.

What did we learn from the disaster, in the context of rescue and support for survivors?

Earthquake Statistics

Kobe City

区 分 死 者 行方不明 負傷者 全壊(棟数)
Higashinada 1,470 - - 13,687
Nada 934 - - 12,757
Chuo 243 - - 6,344
Hyogo 556 - - 9,533
Nagata 921 - - 15,521
Suma 399 - - 7,696
Tarumi 26 - - 1,176
Nishi 9 - - 436
Kita 13 - - 271
Total 4,571 2 14,678 67,421

(As of December 22nd, 2005: Data for destroyed housing counted revised in December 22nd, 1995-All data above were based on Kobe City statistics)

Other cities in Hyogo

区 分 死 者 行方不明 負傷者 全壊(棟数)
Amagasaki City 49 0 7,145 5,688
Nishinomiya City 1,126 1 6,386 20,667
Ashiya City 443 0 3,175 3,915
Itami City 22 0 2,716 1,395
Takarazuka City 117 0 2,201 3,559
Kawanishi City 4 0 551 554
Akashi City 11 0 1,884 2,941
Miki City 1 0 19 25
Sumoto City 4 0 44 17
Awaji City 58 0 1,177 3,076
Minami Awaji City 0 0 28 3,076
Goshiki Town(※) 0 0 17 186
other cities and town 3 0 71 0
Total 1,838 1 25,414 42,204

(As of December 22nd, 2005: data above were cited from Hyogo Prefectural Government, Emergency Response Division statistics)

※Goshiki Town had been synoecized to Sumoto City as of February 11th, 2006

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